Cow Dung Based Enterprises
Commercial crops like Sugarcane, Banana, Orange, Cotton, and Pulses dominate the local agrarian economy. With decreasing productivity of soil, the commercial farmers have started demanding cow dung based manure and organic compost. Units in Seloo and Samurapur block are producing manure on commercial scale.
Herbal Pesticide Unit
In this region, the dominant commercial crops are Cotton and Soya Bean. To protect these crops, farmers use high doses of costly chemical pesticides and weedicides. It is estimated that out of the total chemical pesticides used in farming, 60% is used only for the cotton crop.
In Samudrapur block, a commercial herbal pesticide unit is established that provides subsidiary income to 10 rural youth. The herbal pesticides are prepared from the locally available weeds, seeds, leaves, and spices. These herbal pesticides with the same efficacy as chemical pesticides cost four times less.
Chemical Free Incense Sticks
Two enterprises in Antergaon and Deulgaon villages of Seloo Block are producing Cow-dung based chemical free Incense Sticks and other products like Dhoop Batti, tooth powder, and mosquito coil.
Cow Urine Collection Unit
Cow urine is the basic component in the preparation of herbal pesticides, manure, plant nutrients, and seed germination booster. To meet the demand of farmers, 12 Cow Urine collection centers were established in Arvi, Faridpur, Tawi, Shiwanphal, Khursapar, Bhawanpur, Girad, and Pimpal Gaon villages of Samudrapur block.
These enterprises are manufacturing 20 varieties of products from forest produce like Aloe Vera, Amla, Bel, Ber, Mango, Tamarind, Tulsi, and Neem. From plucking to processing of forest produce these enterprises are providing livelihoods to tribal households.
The herbal product units are established in Jamni and Antargaon villages. The unit manufactures thirteen herbal products, including health products especially for lactating mothers, white discharge, general weakness, anaemia, cough, cold, diabetes, pain, sore feet, cuts, and burns. They also make therapeutic massage oils, hair conditioners, and skincare products.
Wild Palm Broom
Wild palm grows abundantly in some parts of this region. Because of the high cost of grass brooms, the villagers generally use locally made wild palm broom.
To improve the quality and life of palm broom, an electric shredder machine is introduced to the broom artisans. Keeping in view the market demand, MSS trained the broom artisans to make new varieties of brooms like Temple broom (for cleaning household temple), Laxmi broom (for Laxmi Poojan), Truck broom (for cleaning the truck driver’s cabin), Decorative Broom (with a decorative handle made from Palm leaf), and Colored Wooden Handle broom etc.
Wooden Toys from Waste Wood
The Doodh Koda (Tomentosa Dinctoria) is a softwood tree that grows wildly in the forest of the Vidarbha region. This wood is generally used as fuel but in Andhra Pradesh is used for making toys and utility items.
MSS invited Artisans from Andhra Pradesh and trained a team of women in the art of using Dudh Koda wood for manufacturing educational toys, buttons, key chains, incense stick stand, birds and ornaments. These products are coloured with natural Lacquer making them Eco –Friendly and harmless for small children and toddlers.
Lantana Camara is a wild forest weed that hindered the growth of other forest plants. To control its spread, the forest department, at most places in the region, burn it. Instead of burning it, MSS Unit is utilizing Lantana for making furniture as it is durable, insect-free, and is a cheaper substitute for wood and bamboo furniture.
Wild Sponge Gourd Scrubber
The rural women and children collect wild sponge gourd from surrounding wasteland and forest and supply to the unit. The units make natural Loofa scrubber for bathing and scrubber for cleaning vessels.
Utility Product Enterprise
The objective of this enterprise is to produce neutral toilet soap that does not harm the skin. The unit makes soaps using non–edible oils as a base. These soaps are a cheaper and safer substitute for costly chemical-based toilet soaps. Along with toilet soaps, the unit manufactures Liquid Soap, Dish Washing Powder, Liquid Blue, and Phenol. These units are providing employment to rural women of Hingni, Kopra, and Deulgaon villages.
The women trained in tailoring & craft run the utility product enterprise. The enterprise manufactures school bags, carry bags, money purses, Roti pads, file covers, etc.
Recycled Paper Products
The ban on plastic shopping bags helped the SHGs to setup a recycled paper product enterprise where they manufacture paper bags and paper pens using old newspapers. From good quality handmade paper, the enterprises manufacture file covers, boxes, carry bags etc. Five rural women work in this unit.
Fly Ash Bricks
To minimize the environmental degradation caused by using fertile soil and checking carbon emission in the atmosphere for manufacturing bricks, MSS took to using Fly Ash to manufacture bricks. (Fly ash is a very fine glassy powdery material, predominantly silica, generated by the combustion of fine ground coal in thermal power plants).
The Fly Ash brick is manufactured by mixing industrial wastes like Fly Ash, stone dust, Gypsum, and Lime sludge and making bricks by using a specially designed hydraulic press. The Fly Ash Brick enterprise is established in Antargaon village.
Prefabricated Building components
In rural areas here is a rising demand for prefabricated building components like fencing poles, doors, windows, ventilators, water tanks, etc. Ten rural women and youth are trained in the fabrication of building components. Presently, Prefabricated Building components unit is fabricating cement rings to make water tanks, septic tanks, and cement covers for drains.
In rural areas, the drinking water is supplied only on two days per week that too only for half an hour. Due to lack of storage facilities the rural households are enable to store water in sufficient quantity. To meet this demand the unit fabricates 1000 lt. capacity water storage tanks, each tank costs Rs.12,000. Compared to the plastic tank the cement tank is more durable and keeps the water cool.